Αρχική World News Updated Nutrition Facts Label Reflects Science on Diet and Health, including Cancer

Updated Nutrition Facts Label Reflects Science on Diet and Health, including Cancer

, by NCI Staff

Updates to the Nutrition Facts label include bolder and larger type for calories and serving sizes (1 and 2), updating of how much specific nutrients contribute to a daily diet (3), and singling out specific nutrients, such as added sugars (4).

Credit: Food and Drug Administration

On January 1, 2020, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) began requiring many food manufacturers to display an updated nutrition labels on their product packaging. In this interview, Robin McKinnon, Ph.D., a senior advisor on nutrition policy at FDA’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, and Jill Reedy, Ph.D., chief of the Risk Factor Assessment Branch in NCI’s Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, discuss the updated Nutrition Facts label and some of the research that underpins the changes to it.

Can you explain how and why the Nutrition Facts label was updated?

Dr. McKinnon: The previous Nutrition Facts label was more than 20 years old, so it was time to make it more up to date based on new scientific information, including the link between nutrition and chronic diseases like heart disease and certain cancers. Also, the amount of food and beverages people typically eat and drink has changed, and the new label reflects that.

Dr. Reedy: The Nutrition Facts label is aligned with what we know from the science about diet and its impact on health. The label has been and will continue to be a key tool that helps consumers follow the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. So, it’s an important time to have an updated label that reflects the most up-to-date science that we have.

What are some of the major changes to the label?

Dr. McKinnon: Calories and serving sizes on the new Nutrition Facts label are in bolder and larger type, so they really stand out. Serving sizes more accurately reflect how much we typically eat and drink at one time, and the label also includes new information like added sugars. Added sugars include sugars that are added as ingredients during the manufacturing of foods. They also include single-ingredient sugars like honey, syrups, or packets of sugar, which add sugars to the diet.  

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend limiting calories from added sugars to less than 10% of total calories per day. For example, if you consume a 2,000-calorie daily diet, that would be 200 calories or 50 grams of added sugars per day. Consuming too much added sugars can make it difficult to meet nutrient needs while staying within calorie limits. 

Are there other major changes to highlight?

Dr. McKinnon: Several. For example, for food packages that are between one and two servings, such as a 20-ounce soda or a 15-ounce can of soup, the calories and other nutrients are required to be labeled as one serving because people typically consume it in one sitting. 

Consumers will also see the dual-column Nutrition Facts label for some foods that have two or three servings in the package but could be consumed in one sitting. This label has two columns, one for listing the nutrition facts related to a single serving and one listing the nutrition facts for the contents of the entire package. These changes are, in effect, “doing the math” for consumers.

Robin McKinnon, Ph.D., FDA Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition

Also, vitamin D and potassium are two new nutrients that people will see on the new Nutrition Facts label. They will also continue to see calcium and iron, which have been there for some time. Manufacturers no longer have to list vitamins A and C because most people get enough of these nutrients.

Dr. Reedy: Many of these changes, such as the inclusion of added sugars, tie back to the research that has been done to help understand the relationship between diet and health outcomes, including cancer outcomes.

NCI has done a lot to support research on the idea of the “total diet” which takes a more holistic approach and looks at dietary patterns rather than only individual foods or nutrients across a person’s lifespan—because we know it’s not just one thing that people eat that can affect their health, it’s the totality of their diet.

Jill Reedy, Ph.D., M.P.H., R.D., NCI Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences

What’s known about how the “total diet” affects people’s health, including cancer risk?

Dr. Reedy: At NCI we’ve done a lot of research on this topic, with the goal of strengthening the scientific evidence base for the Dietary Guidelines. That includes the Dietary Patterns Methods Project.

In that project, we looked at key “diet quality indices,” which include the Mediterranean Diet Score; the Healthy Eating Index, which was developed to align with the Dietary Guidelines; the Alternative Healthy Eating Index; and the DASH diet, which was used in the NIH-funded DASH trial for hypertension

We then used those indices to examine the dietary patterns of people who participated in three very large research cohorts: the NIH‒AARP Diet and Health Study, the Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study, and the Multiethnic/Minority Cohort Study of Diet and Cancer.

And we found really very similar results. Across all three cohorts, people whose diets were consistent with any of these dietary indices had anywhere from a 13% to 27% reduced risk of dying from any cause, from cancer, or from cardiovascular diseases.

We also found that, the healthier the diet, based on these indices, the greater the reduction in the risk of dying, including for cancer. And of relevance to the updated label, dietary patterns that included higher intake of added sugars were associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, cancers, and other negative health outcomes.   

So, we see that a healthier diet, defined by any of these dietary patterns, is associated with better health outcomes. 

Do the health benefits of diet intersect with things like physical activity and exercise? 

Dr. Reedy: Absolutely. Although we have been talking about dietary patterns, we also know there are interrelationships with diet, physical activity, sleep, and weight. We know that all of these things are connected. And that’s important, because we know that diet, physical activity, and obesity are linked to many cancers.  

Our goal is to support and address all of these behaviors, because it’s not one or the other, it’s all of these things together. And as part of this, the new Nutrition Facts label is a great resource for the public as we work together toward helping people establish healthy dietary patterns.

Educating the Public about the Updated Nutrition Label

To help people better understand the updated nutrition label, FDA developed a comprehensive public education campaign, which includes videos and a wealth of other helpful information for consumers and health educators.

Source

NEWSLETTER

Συμπληρώστε το email σας για να λαμβάνετε τις σημαντικότερες ειδήσεις από το ogkologos.com

Βρείτε μας

2,449ΥποστηρικτέςΚάντε Like
57ΑκόλουθοιΑκολουθήστε

Διαβαστε Επίσης

ΕΞΕΛΙΞΕΙΣ ΣΤΗ ΘΕΡΑΠΕΙΑ ΤΟΥ ΜΗ-ΜΙΚΡΟΚΥΤΤΑΡΙΚΟΥ ΚΑΡΚΙΝΟΥ ΤΟΥ ΠΝΕΥΜΟΝΑ (ΜΜΚΠ)

ΕΞΕΛΙΞΕΙΣ ΣΤΗ ΘΕΡΑΠΕΙΑ ΤΟΥ ΜΗ-ΜΙΚΡΟΚΥΤΤΑΡΙΚΟΥ ΚΑΡΚΙΝΟΥ ΤΟΥ ΠΝΕΥΜΟΝΑ (ΜΜΚΠ) Γράφει ο Δρ Παπαδούρης Σάββας, Παθόλογος-Ογκολόγος   Ο ΜΜΚΠ βρίσκεται αναλογικά στο 80% και πλέον του συνολικού...

Διατρέχουν όντως οι καρκινοπαθείς μεγαλύτερο κίνδυνο λόγω κοροναϊού;

Σε πρακτικό επίπεδο, τα δεδομένα των σχετικών μελετών υποδηλώνουν ότι η χημειοθεραπεία ή οι άλλες αντι-νεοπλασματικές θεραπείες δεν αυξάνουν σημαντικά τον κίνδυνο θνησιμότητας από...

FDA: Η ακτινοβολία των smartphones δεν προκαλεί καρκίνο

Σε μια νέα έκθεσή της, η Υπηρεσία Τροφίμων και Φαρμάκων (FDA) των ΗΠΑ αναφέρει ότι επανεξέτασε τις σχετικές επιστημονικές έρευνες που δημοσιεύθηκαν τα τελευταία...

Νέα ανακάλυψη, νέα ελπίδα για τον καρκίνο

Ένα νεοανακαλυφθέν τμήμα του ανοσοποιητικού μας συστήματος θα μπορούσε να αξιοποιηθεί για την αντιμετώπιση όλων των ειδών καρκίνου, σύμφωνα με επιστήμονες του πανεπιστημίου Cardiff...

Καρκίνος: Ευεργετική για τους καρκινοπαθείς η άσκηση

Σημαντικά ωφέλη προσφέρει η άσκηση, ακόμη και σε ασθενείς με καρκίνο. Οι περισσότεροι ασθενείς αγνοούν τα οφέλη που μπορεί να έχει γι’ αυτούς η συχνή...

Prostate Cancer

The article is provided by Scientific Communications Officer of NIPD Genetics, Ms Marina Charitou (MSc) Prostate Cancer Awareness Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer...
- Advertisment -

Ροή Ειδήσεων

ESMO 2020: New Treatments for Advanced Kidney Cancer, Prostate Cancer, and Bladder Cancer

The 2020 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Virtual Congress was held online from September 19 to September 21. In this podcast, Neeraj Agarwal,...

The UK Government’s spending review: Time to invest in the future of cancer care

This autumn, the chancellor Rishi Sunak will go to Parliament and set out the UK Government’s spending priorities in the Comprehensive Spending Review...

FDA Extends Approval of Pembrolizumab for Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

On 14 October 2020, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) extended the approval of pembrolizumab (KEYTRUDA®, Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.) for the...

31-Year-Old Mother Dies of Cancer After Her Chemotherapy Was Paused During the Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic has been a scary and difficult thing for most of the world, and it’s important to keep safety protocols in place...

For Esophageal Cancer, Immunotherapy Likely to Play Larger Role

October 19, 2020, by NCI Staff An esophagram using barium contrast shows the esophagus. Credit: iStock Immunotherapy may become part of early treatment for some people with...

Targeted Therapy Based on Molecular Profiling of Malignant Mesothelioma Tumours Is Feasible

Targeted therapy recommendations can be made based on the molecular profiles of tumour samples from patients with metastatic malignant mesothelioma (MM) according to findings...